George Washington Woodbey, Pioneering Black Socialist

The historical principle of black American Christian spirituality is firmly rooted in the belief that one's relationship with God is intimate, shared, and awesome in its empowerment.  During slavery, it allowed blacks to transcend the profane circumstances of their oppression and to take an active and positive stance in viewing and interpreting the circumstances of their life.  Their Christian spirituality imbued the debasement of slavery and Jim Crowism with relevant personal meaning, engendered self-esteem, kept despair at bay, and promised hope for recompense both in this life and in the hereafter. In contrast, all socialist theory is based on scientific or secular humanism.  Secular humanism espouses that reason, ethics, and justice are the basis of human evolution and happiness.  It specifically rejects supernatural and religious dogma as the basis of morality and decision-making in ordering one's life.  Secular humanists claim it to be the only worldview...(Read Full Article)