The British Left Must Get It Right on Russia
British prime minister Theresa May and members of her government have declared that Moscow is culpable for the poisoning of the Russian former spy, Sergei Skripal, and his daughter Yulia in Salisbury on March 4, 2018. Among other actions, May expelled 23 Russian diplomats based in London. President Donald Trump also denounced the Russian government for violating international law. President Vladimir Putin, alleging he found out about the attack only from the media, denied the allegation, saying Russia does not have such nerve agents. Russia, he said, had destroyed all of its chemical weapons under the supervision of international organizations, and did it first.
Russian spokespeople provide alternative explanations for the Salisbury incident as well as for other attacks. The U.K. did it to fuel anti-Russian sentiment. The U.S. did it to destabilize international relations. The nerve agent, Novichok, came from the Czech Republic, Slovakia, or Sweden. It could even have come from the prospective mother-in-law of Yulia Skripal, one of the victims in Salisbury.
President Trump, apparently defying the advice of his aides, and Jean-Claude Juncker, head of the E.U. Commission, have both offered congratulations to Putin on his re-election as president of the Russian Federation on March 18, 2018 and intimated the possibility of meetings with the Russian leader in the not too distant future. These overtures, which do not endorse the election result, are different in degree from the attitude toward Russia of Jeremy Corbyn, leader of the British Labor Party.
In his 1940 essay "Inside the Whale," George Orwell berated the different political writings of his time, asserting that "so much of left-wing thought is a kind of playing with fire by people who don't even know that fire is hot." His witticism is amply borne out by the equivocation and feeble response of Corbyn on responsibility for the nerve gas attacks in Britain. Every plausible explanation is that Russians, if not ordered by Putin himself, were behind the attacks.
Corbyn suggested that the British government not "rush ahead of the evidence" and should wait before imposing any further sanctions against Russia. Even if the weapons were made in Russia and originally manufactured by the Russian state, he argued, there has to be an absolutely definitive answer to the question: from where did the nerve agent come? It could be someone other than the Kremlin.
In view of recent films and plays relating to the lionhearted, unambiguous role of Winston Churchill in World War II, it is enticing to imagine Corbyn as P.M. in 1939-40. We would then perhaps know that Adolf Hitler was not responsible for Nazi bombing attacks on U.K. towns such as Coventry, Plymouth, and London. The assaults might have and probably did come from a rogue element in the Luftwaffe who were interested in discrediting Hitler and wanted to bring a real tough ruler to power. Allegations that Hitler was responsible were a smear campaign by the Jews, who were trying to damage the reputation of the Nazi regime.
An appropriate response to the Russian denials of implication in the attempts was the reply given on December 22, 1944 by Brigadier General Anthony McAuliffe, commander of the U.S. 101st Airborne Division defending Bastogne, to the German emissaries wanting him to surrender. The reply was simply "nuts!"
Corbyn's hesitation to acknowledge Russian concealment of the truth, and his view that there was no definite answer to the question of the source of the nerve gas used in attacks in Britain, does not make him Putin's "puppet." But these actions are indications of the weak foreign policy characteristic of the Labor leader during his career and its present danger. This weakness has been exhibited by some of Corbyn's supporters, such as the far leftist Seumas Milne, Corbyn's director of communications, who doubts that Russia was behind the Salisbury attack.
Corbyn has been critical of the foreign policy of the U.S. and the West on most issues.
He has been selective, sometimes forgetful, in his choice of associates and meetings with controversial figures. His judgment on Middle East affairs follows a similar pattern. Only recently was it divulged that Corbyn belonged to a secret 3,200-member Facebook group called Palestine Live that posted anti-Semitic comments along with conspiracy theories about the Rothschilds and Israeli involvement in 9/11. He claimed he was signed up without his knowing and that he himself did not post any anti-Semitic comments. It is revealing that Prime Minister May, chairing the National Security Council to discuss vital security issues, did not invite Corbyn, the leader of the opposition.
This weakness of the British left is important in the present context, when the U.K. has to face up to the use by Russians of chemical weapons and nerve gas against residents in Britain, as does the U.S. to deal with two other crucial issues: Russian meddling in Western elections and Russian military policies as a major power with a large nuclear arsenal now that Putin has been re-elected with 76.6 % of the vote.
The U.S. and Europe have to face the reality of Putin's election. In his speech in Moscow on March 1, 2018 on the situation in the country, Putin made clear his challenge to the U.S., whose attempt to curb and control Russia, he said, had failed.
Putin was critical of the U.S. directly and indirectly for a number of reasons. He blames the U.S. for withdrawing in June 2002 from the Antiballistic Missile Treaty signed in 1972. He is critical of U.S. large-scale military exercises in Eastern Europe. He asserts that Trump has introduced restrictions and sanctions that are illegal from the standpoint of international law.
Most important, Putin boasts of Russia's powerful economic and defense potential. The country has 7,000 nuclear weapons and 2,000 missiles to deliver them. Russia can defend itself with new generations of weapons and technology. The modernized nuclear arsenal includes the intercontinental RS-28 Sarmat missile, which is able to fly 6,800 miles with a payload of 15 warheads; a nuclear cruise missile that can reach the U.S.; a hypersonic missile, the Kinzhal, that can travel at more than ten times the speed of sound; an RS-26 ballistic missile, Avangard; and drones launched from submarines. Putin claims that Russian nuclear weapons can evade U.S. antimissile defenses.
Trump has congratulated Putin on his electoral victory, but he is no ineffectual Jeremy Corbyn. He must understand, as the British leftist does not, that Putin must be prevented from sowing disorder in the U.S. as in Britain. He must be aware that Putin is concealing nuggets of truth in a haystack of prevarications, fabrications, and misdirection. But if Putin is unpredictable, he is not irrational. He has not been more aggressive in Ukraine, largely deterred by U.S. and Western sanctions and military preparations. Putin, in his speech on October 30, 2017 at the unveiling in Moscow of the Wall of Grief, a memorial honoring the victims of Stalinism, said the terrible past cannot be erased from the national memory and cannot be justified by anything.
Both President Trump and Prime Minister May, if not Jeremy Corbyn, are conscious of the danger of Russian nuclear weapons, as shown in videos of warheads aimed at Florida and its cyber-warfare. Both are equally aware of the need to de-escalate any nuclear arms race with Russia. This calls for two things: more reprisals against and checks on Russia and also dialogue with Russia and practical cooperation on controversial issues including Syria, Yemen, international terrorism, and limits on an arms race. It is too optimistic to expect no tears, no fears, but there is always tomorrow.