Why the left isn't socialist
The development of capitalism ... creates the preconditions that enable really "all" to take part in the administration of the state. Some of these preconditions are: universal literacy, which has already been achieved in a number of the most advanced capitalist countries, then the "training and disciplining" of millions of workers by the huge, complex, socialized apparatus of the postal service, railways, big factories, large-scale commerce, banking, etc., etc. Given these economic preconditions, it is quite possible, after the overthrow of the capitalists and the bureaucrats, to proceed immediately, overnight, to replace them in the control over production and distribution, in the work of keeping account of labor and products, by the armed workers, by the whole of the armed population. Accounting and control -- that is mainly what is needed for the "smooth working", for the proper functioning, of the first phase of communist society.
This turn, of course, undercuts any argument that socialism is -- without regard to sentimentality -- "scientifically necessary for human progress." This construct -- "scientific socialism" -- really represents its own sort of sentimentality, rooted in a 19th century mechanistic view of the "material world." And it still survives in such sentiments as "history is on our side."
But, just because they are reconciled to the survival of capitalist enterprise doesn't mean they have to like it. And the sentiment that capitalism is evil emphatically survived the failure of state ownership. How wonderful that Brecht gave his character a tobacco shop to run. (And we also need here to recognize Ayn Rand for her odd glorification of tobacco, putting her finger on the master-metaphor of this struggle.) Because tobacco policy probably best exemplifies the program of the new socialism.
Tobacco production today is viewed as evil. Tobacco, literally, kills. And yet, we allow it to continue. Why? Because the profits of the tobacco industry -- via taxes and lawsuits -- are used to finance good things. Schools and cancer research.
Under the new socialism, we need those bad industries to generate wealth, so that we can pay for the good ones. So, the simple strategy is: Do whatever you have to do to keep capitalism alive, and then bleed it for everything you can.