What would President Lincoln do today?
Inevitably, his carping was viewed as injurious to the morale of the soldiers. In May of 1863, on orders from the President, Major General Ambrose Burnside sent troops to place Vallandigham under arrest for sedition. He was charged with violating a law that prohibited the giving of aid and comfort to the enemy.
Specifically, Vallandigham was charged with making 'treasonable utterances.' He was tried by a military commission, convicted, and sentenced to a prison term.
Lincoln, evidently feeling a rush of magnanimity, had the punishment commuted to banishment to the area behind Confederate lines. In other words, he sent the traitor to live with the enemies he had been aiding and abetting.
The congressman fled to Canada, (does this also sound familiar?) where he remained in exile for a time before quietly returning to Ohio, where he passed away in 1871.
There were other Democrats who felt similarly about the war and the Commander in Chief, but, either because they understood the peril they would cause to the soldiers, or because they saw what happened to their colleague, they refrained from such 'utterances' while the battle raged on.
The rest, as they say, is history; the Union was secured and slavery was ended. We'll never know what might have happened if President Lincoln had tolerated the cynical and negative comments from his most vocal critic. Yet, it's not hard to imagine that it would have led to a serious political division in the north and, possibly, another outcome to the war.
Recently, Democrat Senator John Kerry, speaking on a nationwide news program, said,
'There is no reason why American soldiers need to be going into the homes of Iraqis in the middle of the night, terrorizing women and children.'
'The idea that we're going to win the war in Iraq is an idea which is just plain wrong. I've seen this before in my life. This is the same situation we had in Vietnam.'
'If I read this to you and did not tell you that it was an FBI agent describing what Americans had done to prisoners in their control, you would most certainly believe this must have been done by Nazis, Soviets in their Gulags, or some mad regime, Pol Pot or others, that had no concern for human beings.'
'We now learn that Saddam's torture chambers reopened under new management, United States management.'
Abraham Lincoln once wrote [editor's note: this attribution to Lincoln has been seriously disputed since publication of this article] ,
'Congressmen who willfully take actions during wartime that damage morale and undermine the military are saboteurs and should be arrested, exiled or hanged.'
'Must I shoot a simple—minded soldier—boy who deserts, while not touching a hair of a wily agitator who induces him to desert? I think in such case to silence the agitator and save the boy is not only constitutional, but also a great mercy.'