Obama overturns Cuban refugee policy

A policy that allowed Cubans who reached the shores of the U.S. to be granted automatic visas while refusing entry to Cubans picked up at sea has been overturned by the Obama administration at the request of the Cuban government.

Known as "wet foot, dry foot," the policy had been in place since the 1970s.

Reuters:

The shift had been in the works for months. It was announced abruptly because advance warning might have inspired thousands more people to take to the seas between the Communist-ruled island and Florida in order to beat a deadline.

The United States and Cuba spent several months negotiating the change, including an agreement from Cuba to allow those turned away from the United States to return.

"With this change we will continue to welcome Cubans as we welcome immigrants from other nations, consistent with our laws," Obama said in a statement.

The Department of Homeland Security also ended a parole program that allowed entry for Cuban medical professionals. That program was unpopular with Havana because it prompted doctors to leave, sapping the country's pool of trained health workers.

The U.S. Coast Guard intercepts thousands of Cubans attempting the 90-mile (145-km) crossing to Florida every year, but tens of thousands who reach U.S. soil, including via Mexico, have been allowed to stay in the country, while immigrants from other nations have been rounded up and sent home.

Cuba welcomed the policy changes, saying they would benefit the whole region by discouraging people-trafficking and dangerous journeys that led to bottlenecks of Cubans in Central America last year.

"Today, a detonator of immigration crises is eliminated. The United States achieves legal, secure and ordered migration from Cuba," said Josefina Vidal, the Cuban foreign ministry's chief for U.S. affairs.

El Salvador's foreign ministry also welcomed the move, saying "there cannot be migrants of different categories." Honduras, from where thousands flee each year without the attraction of favorable U.S. immigration policies, said it would wait to see if the flow of Cubans actually reduced.

Anticipating the end of the policy, Cuban immigration has surged since the 2014 normalization, said Ben Rhodes, Obama's deputy national security adviser.

"People were motivated to migrate," Rhodes told reporters on a call, noting some 40,000 Cubans arrived in 2015 and about 54,000 in 2016.

The administration had rejected Cuban entreaties to overturn the policy before President Barack Obama's historic visit to the island last year, although even some White House aides argued that it was outmoded given efforts to regularize relations between the former Cold War foes.

The fact is, Cubans are, indeed, a different category of refugee given the simple reason that they are fleeing Communism.  The U.S. has always made an exception in our immigration law for those being persecuted or oppressed under a Communist regime.  Now those Cubans who run afoul of the Castro regime will find it harder to to receive the protection they need from the U.S. and, if sent back, are likely to suffer even more.

Most presidents at the very end of their terms avoid making sweeping changes to policy, deferring to the new chief executive.  But at almost every turn, Obama has sought to tie the hands of the new president.  It's clear Obama has no respect for the office he held for eight years as he looks to weaken the presidency in advance of the inauguration of Donald Trump. 

A policy that allowed Cubans who reached the shores of the U.S. to be granted automatic visas while refusing entry to Cubans picked up at sea has been overturned by the Obama administration at the request of the Cuban government.

Known as "wet foot, dry foot," the policy had been in place since the 1970s.

Reuters:

The shift had been in the works for months. It was announced abruptly because advance warning might have inspired thousands more people to take to the seas between the Communist-ruled island and Florida in order to beat a deadline.

The United States and Cuba spent several months negotiating the change, including an agreement from Cuba to allow those turned away from the United States to return.

"With this change we will continue to welcome Cubans as we welcome immigrants from other nations, consistent with our laws," Obama said in a statement.

The Department of Homeland Security also ended a parole program that allowed entry for Cuban medical professionals. That program was unpopular with Havana because it prompted doctors to leave, sapping the country's pool of trained health workers.

The U.S. Coast Guard intercepts thousands of Cubans attempting the 90-mile (145-km) crossing to Florida every year, but tens of thousands who reach U.S. soil, including via Mexico, have been allowed to stay in the country, while immigrants from other nations have been rounded up and sent home.

Cuba welcomed the policy changes, saying they would benefit the whole region by discouraging people-trafficking and dangerous journeys that led to bottlenecks of Cubans in Central America last year.

"Today, a detonator of immigration crises is eliminated. The United States achieves legal, secure and ordered migration from Cuba," said Josefina Vidal, the Cuban foreign ministry's chief for U.S. affairs.

El Salvador's foreign ministry also welcomed the move, saying "there cannot be migrants of different categories." Honduras, from where thousands flee each year without the attraction of favorable U.S. immigration policies, said it would wait to see if the flow of Cubans actually reduced.

Anticipating the end of the policy, Cuban immigration has surged since the 2014 normalization, said Ben Rhodes, Obama's deputy national security adviser.

"People were motivated to migrate," Rhodes told reporters on a call, noting some 40,000 Cubans arrived in 2015 and about 54,000 in 2016.

The administration had rejected Cuban entreaties to overturn the policy before President Barack Obama's historic visit to the island last year, although even some White House aides argued that it was outmoded given efforts to regularize relations between the former Cold War foes.

The fact is, Cubans are, indeed, a different category of refugee given the simple reason that they are fleeing Communism.  The U.S. has always made an exception in our immigration law for those being persecuted or oppressed under a Communist regime.  Now those Cubans who run afoul of the Castro regime will find it harder to to receive the protection they need from the U.S. and, if sent back, are likely to suffer even more.

Most presidents at the very end of their terms avoid making sweeping changes to policy, deferring to the new chief executive.  But at almost every turn, Obama has sought to tie the hands of the new president.  It's clear Obama has no respect for the office he held for eight years as he looks to weaken the presidency in advance of the inauguration of Donald Trump. 

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