Citing the "indiscriminate bombardment of Iraqi residential areas by the U.S. occupying forces," Iran has suspended talks with the United States on helping with the security situation in Iraq:
You never know what is going on behind the scenes in Tehran. Clearly, we are not bombing Iraqi residential areas in an "indiscriminate" manner and everyone knows it. The hold put on the talks by the Iranians may have as much to do with internal disagreements than it does with Iraq or anything we are doing there.
The Americans believe that Iran is supplying weapons and training to Shiite militias in Iraq, but the Iranians have denied that they are interfering here. It remains uncertain whether some of the weapons found in Iraq that appear to be Iranian came directly from Iran or through third parties.
The Iraqis are forming a committee with experts from Interior and Defense Ministries to look into the allegations against Iran.
The State Department did not comment directly on the talks, but a spokesman, Tom Casey, said, "The fact remains, though, that the Iranian government continues, despite their public statements of support for the Iraqi government, to play this negative role, to provide this kind of assistance to militant groups and to militia groups."
"It's something we want to see stopped, and it's something the Iraqis want to see stopped," Mr. Casey said.
And as this New York Times analysis points out, there is a decided upside for the Iranians:
If Barack Obama is elected president and he decides to open a high level dialogue with the Iranians, expect such actions by the Iranians on a frequent basis. Going all the way back to negotiations over the hostages in 1980, the factions in the Iranian government have sought to use talks with Americans to either advance their own factional interest or weaken someone else. It is one reason why talking to them at a high level must be a long term goal. The groundwork for such talks must be laid extremely carefully - something our novice Presidential candidate can't quite seem to get through his head.
Two things are clear. The talks have not borne much fruit, so suspending them is almost cost free, at least in the short term. The downside is that the talks have been a way for the two countries, which do not have diplomatic relations, to have face-to-face conversations. Several Iraqi politicians said they believed that the Iranian suspension was as much in retaliation for the United States' criticism of Iran's nuclear program as it was for Iraq policy.
"Some Iranian officials believe that Iraq is a better location to pressure the Americans over Iran's diplomatic crisis with them," Ali al-Dabbagh, an Iraqi government spokesman, told Al Hurra, a satellite channel, on Monday evening.
In addition, Iran loses nothing in Iraq by denouncing strikes on Shiite civilians, especially since it has also said it approves of the Iraqi government's effort to halt the activities of illegal militias. While those two positions may sound contradictory, they are plausible here. The Iraqi government also says it wants to help civilians and is taking aim only at the militias. The reality is that when forces go after insurgents in urban areas, it is impossible to avoid hitting some innocents as well.