July 4, 2013
Independence Day: July 2nd or July 4th?
On July 1, 1776 delegates of the Second Continental Congress entered what John Adams called, "the greatest debate of all." Even after over a year's worth of conflict against the mightiest military force on earth, declared independence from Great Britain was far from a forgone conclusion. Just weeks earlier the majority of the men in the Congress were very much hoping that some formula for peace could be found with Great Britain. In The Light and the Glory, by Peter Marshall and David Manuel, it's noted that these Congressmen knew very well what it would cost them personally to, "cast their votes with those few who were advocating an open declaration of independence. For the men who signed such a declaration would, in the likely event of America's defeat, be held personally responsible. And the penalty for instigating rebellion against the Crown was death." Declaring independence required a unanimous vote from the Congress, and as Ben Franklin soberly put it, "We must indeed all hang...(Read Full Article)