How the Civil Rights Movement Dismissed its Early Heroes

"Destroy segregation." Those were James Farmer Jr’s words to James Farmer Sr. in 1938 when his father asked him what he planned to do with his college education.  What ensued remains one of the greatest yet largely forgotten stories of the civil rights movement.  Farmer began the classic non-violent civil disobedience movement in 1942 with a sit in at Chicago’s Jack Spratt restaurant -- while Martin Luther King was just a child.  Farmer founded the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) to formalize his arguments and advocacy against segregation.  In 1935, Farmer was part of the Wiley College team that defeated USC -- the national collegiate champions of debate.  His debate coach, Melvin Tolson, taught from a unique perspective integrating Christian idealism and racial pride.  Farmer designed the Freedom bus rides in 1961 that vividly exposed the violence of Southern supremacists in groups like the KKK.  Farmer’s CORE...(Read Full Article)

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