February 14, 2007
Manufacturing FailureBy Christopher Chantrill
It was twenty years ago that we learned of "A Nation at Risk." The problems in our education system were imperiling our national future, wrote the National Commission on Excellence in Education.
Since then nothing much has happened. If anything, the education system is worse. Yet the US economy has kept its place as the most productive in the world.
It's the same with government welfare. Ten years ago the nation drastically reformed welfare, setting strict time limits for welfare recipients. Liberals fainted all over the place in Victorian hysterics, yet the welfare caseload dropped by 50 percent and the social fabric was demonstrably strengthened.
Then there is health care. We spend about 50 percent more on "bio-medicine" than our European friends, yet life expectancy in the United States is, if anything, lower.
What is going on?
Theodore Dalrymple provided the answer recently in City Journal for Winter 2007. In "How Not To Do It," he wondered about the staggering incompetence and waste of the public service in Britain. Everywhere you looked you saw expensive failure. Yet nothing ever changed. How could such incompetence continue? What did it mean?
Surprisingly, the African nation of Tanzania provided the answer.
Under the incompetent rule of Julius Nyerere, it became a country so poor that:
Dalrymple's error was in supposing that "competence" meant actually improving the lives of the people. Not at all.
A competent ruler is the one who manages to stay in power.
The simplest way to stay in power has always been to operate a top-down patronage system that distributes jobs and pensions in return for grateful votes. But the welfare state has an additional element.
From the bottom up it supplies the failure and helplessness that creates the moral imperative for government expansion and the accretion of more power to the progressive class.
We could steal a page out of Noam Chomsky's book and say that it is a system for "manufacturing failure."
That is not all. There is more. It is the real stroke of genius. As we have seen, the major theater of operations for progressive government-health, education, and welfare-are not critical areas of national well-being. Gross, persistent, large-scale failure in these government programs will not bring down the nation.
We have had failure in education for at least a generation. What is the result? The US economy remains the most productive in the world.
And the people most damaged by defective education, inner-city African Americans, continue to vote in overwhelming numbers for the welfare-state party.
We have had forty years of massive government intervention in welfare. It has utterly wasted the poor, breaking up their authentic culture and multiplying social pathology. But apart from the poor and the votes of an army of grateful social workers, nothing much has changed. The poor and the social workers continue to vote for the welfare-state party.
We spend about 15 percent of GDP on health care. It delivers millions of jobs to union nurses, nurse's aides, and billions in research dollars to the universities. But the contribution of big-dollar bio-medicine to health and longevity is tenuous. As James C Riley
states in Rising Life Expectancy: A Global History,
He means that you can elevate life expectancy pretty close to first-world levels with low-tech stuff like clean water, garbage pickup, ob-gyn care, asepsis, antibiotics, and vaccinations.
But millions of people believe that a system of expensive bio-medicine controlled by the government is critical to their health. And every one of them votes for the welfare-state party.
It is all very well for Cal Thomas to grouse that
So Democrats get to buy votes with taxpayers' money. What's not to like? For them, anyway.
But imagine an America in which every conservative and Republican no longer believed the Democratic mantra that a nation without government education was a Nation At Risk?
It would be an America that wasn't quite so frightened about what the Democrats would do if we broke one of their toys.
It was Keynes who argued that the power of special interests was greatly overrated. It was ideas that mattered. "Indeed the world is ruled by little else."
Suppose people got the idea that you could flush the average failing government program down the toilet and nobody would notice? After all, they'd say, all government programs fail; that's how the system works. It's all about the patronage, stupid.
Christopher Chantrill is a frequent contributor to American Thinker, and blogs at www.roadtothemiddleclass.com. His Road to the Middle Class is forthcoming.