Jesus and Muhammad: Major Differences (2)

Part One may be read here.

[If readers would like to see multiple translations of the Quran, they should click on this website. This article uses the New International Version (NIV) of the Bible, but multiple translations may be read here.]

Eight:  Marriage

One allowed polygamy and had many wives. The other says one man and one woman is best.

Muhammad

The Quran in Sura 4:3 says:

And if you be apprehensive that you will not be able to do justice to the orphans, you may marry two or three or four women whom you choose. But if you apprehend that you might not be able to do justice to them, then marry only one wife, or marry those who have fallen in your possession. (Sayyid Abul A'La Maududi, The Meaning of the Quran, vol. 1, p. 305)

Maududi paraphrases the verse:

'If you need more than one [wife] but are afraid that you might not be able to do justice to your wives from among the free people, you may turn to slave girls because in that case you will be burdened with less responsibilities' (note 6) (See Sura 4:24).

However, Muhammad would not allow polygamy for his son—in—law Ali, because an extra wife would hurt Muhammad's daughter Fatima, by his first wife Khadija. Fatima was married to Ali.

I heard Allah's Apostle who was on the pulpit, saying, 'Banu Hisham bin Al—Mughira have requested me to allow them to marry their daughter to Ali bin Abu Talib, but I don't give permission, and will not give permission unless 'Ali bin Abi Talib divorces my daughter in order to marry their daughter, because Fatima is a part of my body, and I hate what she hates to see, and what hurts her, hurts me.' (Bukhari)

Thus, Muhammad understands how hurtful polygamy can be for women, but he himself practiced it and allowed it for Muslim men, generally.

Muhammad's 'special' marriage privileges

Moreover, it seems that Allah gave Muhammad special permission to marry as many women as he desired or take them as slaves or concubines, just as in the pre—Islamic days of 'ignorance.'

The Quran in Sura 33:50, a lengthy verse, grants Muhammad wide latitude in his marriages:

O Prophet, We have made lawful to you those of your wives, whose dowers you have paid, and those women who come into your possession out of the slave—girls granted by Allah, and the daughters of your paternal uncles and aunts, and of your maternal uncles and aunts, who have migrated with you, and the believing woman who gives herself to the Prophet, if the Prophet may desire her. This privilege is for you only, not for the other believers . . . . (Maududi vol. 4, p. 111, emphasis added).

This verse says that besides those women whose dower Muhammad paid, he may marry slave—girls—that is, he may have sex with them (see this article). Maududi references three slave—girls taken during raids, and Mary the Copt, a gift from an Egyptian ruler. Muhammad had sex with her, and there does not seem to be a political need for this. Second, Muhammad may marry his first cousins, and Maududi cites a case in which this happened. Third, if a believing woman offers herself to Muhammad, and he desires her, then he may marry her (Maududi vol. 4, note 88).

This hadith says that Muhammad used to visit nine (or eleven) wives in one night.

Anas bin Malik said, "The Prophet used to visit all his wives in a round, during the day and night and they were eleven in number." I asked Anas, "Had the Prophet the strength for it?" Anas replied, "We used to say that the Prophet was given the strength of thirty (men)." And Sa'id said on the authority of Qatada that Anas had told him about nine wives only (not eleven). (Bukhari)

But the capstone of these 'special' marriages occurs when Muhammad also marries the ex—wife (Zainab or Zaynab) of his adopted son (Zaid or Zayd). His son—in—law divorced her with the Prophet standing in the background. In fact, early Islamic sources say that Muhammad catches a glimpse of his daughter—in—law in a state of undress,  so he desired her. Once the divorce is final, Allah reveals to him in Sura 33:36—44 that this marriage between father—in—law and daughter—in—law is legal and moral.

Jesus

He endorses the model in the Garden of Eden.

3 Some Pharisees came to him to test him. They asked, 'Is it lawful for a man to divorce his wife for any and every reason?' 4 'Haven't you read,' he replied, 'that at the beginning the Creator 'made them male and female,' 5 and said, 'For this reason a man will leave his father and mother and be united to his wife, and the two shall will become one flesh'? 6 So they are no longer two, but one. Therefore, what God has joined together, let man not separate.' 7 'Why then,' they asked, 'did Moses command that a man give his wife a certificate of divorce and send her away?' 8 Jesus replied, 'Moses permitted you to divorce your wives because your hearts were hard, but it was not this way from the beginning . . .  (Matthew 19:4—8)

The Old Testament allows polygamy, though it is honest enough to reveal the problems inhering in this ancient custom (e.g. Genesis 16:5 and 1 Samuel 1:6—7). However, God's original intent was to honor women, but polygamy favors men to the exclusion of women. Also, Jesus fulfills and interprets the Old Testament for Christians, and Eden is his choice. Thus, Christianity protects and honors women.

This article offers more detail. At the end, it links to more articles on the marriage and divorce of Zaid, Zainab, and Muhammad.

Nine: Dealing with Sexual Sin

One ordered flogging and execution. The other offers forgiveness and restoration.

Muhammad

This verse, according to reliable traditions, concerns fornication or premarital sex. Note the insertions in brackets and parentheses by the two translators. The Quran in Sura 24:2:

24:2 The fornicatress and the fornicator, flog each of them with a hundred stripes. Let not pity withhold you in their case, in a punishment prescribed by Allah, if you believe in Allah and the Last Day. And let a party of the believers witness their punishment. [This punishment is for unmarried persons guilty of the above crime (illegal sex), but if married persons commit it (illegal sex), the punishment is to stone them to death, according to Allah's law]. (Hilali and Khan; the additions in parentheses and brackets are theirs).

This hadith represents others on Muhammad's policy concerning adultery.

. . . Then the Prophet said, 'Take him away and stone him to death." Jabir bin 'Abdullah said: I was among the ones who participated in stoning him and we stoned him at the Musalla. When the stones troubled him, he fled, but we overtook him at Al—Harra [rocky place near Medina] and stoned him to death. (Bukhari; insertion added)

This gruesome hadith passage reports that a woman was buried up to her chest and stoned to death, her blood spurting:

. . . And when he had given command over her and she was put in a hole up to her breast, he ordered the people to stone her. Khalid b. al—Walid came forward with a stone which he threw at her head, and when the blood spurted on his face he cursed her . . . (Muslim no. 4206)

Jesus

He zeros in on the root cause of adultery. In the famous Sermon on the Mount he says this about adultery and lust:

27 'You have heard that it was said, 'Do not commit adultery.' 28 But I tell you that anyone who looks at a woman lustfully has already committed adultery with her in his heart.' (Matthew 5:27—28)

Immediately, this raises the stakes so high that all corporeal punishment is removed; otherwise, all of humanity would kill each other with legalized stoning. These two verses imply that sexual sin is no longer a civil crime or any kind of crime. As usual with Jesus, he goes to the heart of the sin. Adultery and other sexual sins begin in the mind, so the solution to them must also begin in the mind.

As for prostitutes, Jesus let them into his kingdom on their repentance. While in Jerusalem, the chief priests and elders badgered him with antagonistic questions. Jesus replies.

Jesus said to them, 'I tell you the truth, the tax collectors and the prostitutes are entering the kingdom of God ahead of you.' (Matthew 21:31)

But first prostitutes have to be forgiven of their sins before they enter the kingdom of God. One day Simon, a Pharisee, invited Jesus into his large house for dinner. Suddenly a 'sinful woman' (read: local prostitute) crashed the dinner party and washed Jesus' feet with her tears, wiped them off with her hair, and poured oil on his feet. The Pharisee became indignant and said to himself that if Jesus really were a prophet, he would know who was touching him and not allow it, for she was unclean. Jesus pointed out to him that Simon had not offered him the customs of hospitality, but this sinful woman was doing this. 'Then Jesus said to her, 'Your sins are forgiven.' The other guests began to say among themselves, 'Who is this who even forgives sins?' [This is another New Testament hint of Jesus' divinity.] Jesus said to the woman, 'Your faith has saved you; go in peace'' (Luke 7:48—50).

This true account shows that Jesus did not order prostitutes and other sexual sinners to be hunted down and flogged or burned alive, even though this one was living in Israel, the Holy Land, and even though the Torah says specifically that a prostitute must be burned with fire (Leviticus 21:9). Instead, Jesus looks at the heart and sees a diamond in the rough. He knows that with his love and power, sexual sinners of all sorts can be changed. So the spiritual solution is forgiveness without condemnation. This is a long, long way from Jesus instituting the punishment of stoning sinners, or even their flogging, as Muhammad would like to reinstitute an old—new Quranic law.

This article explains Sura 24:2 more thoroughly, along with adultery. It also cites more hadiths and explores Islamic law, contrasting them with Christ's new era of salvation.

Here is another  more detailed article on Muhammad's punishment of homosexuality, analyzing the Quran, the hadith, and Islamic law. It also explains the Biblical position. Christ offers forgiveness and restoration.

Ten: Miracles

One worked no miracles. The other works many of them, even today.

Muhammad

He can perform no miracles, according to Allah's own account of him in the Quran. However, in the hadith, his admirers have a strong motive to puff up their beloved Prophet with miracle stories. But the Quran contradicts their accounts.

In the following Meccan verse in Sura 17, Muhammad answers the charge that he cannot work miracles. Allah commands his messenger to "say" the following to his critics.

17:93 . . . Say, "Glory to my Lord. Am I anything but a mortal, a messenger?" . . . (Haleem)

In this next Meccan verse, people again question Muhammad about this inability to work miracles.

13:7 The disbelievers say: "Why has no miracle been sent down to him from his Lord?" But you [Muhammad] are only there to give warning . . . (Haleem, my insertion)

It is an ironic fact that the Quran is clearer about Jesus' miracles than it is about Muhammad's (non)miracles:

'And I [Jesus] heal him who was born blind, and the leper, and I bring to life by Allah's leave [permission]'(Sura 3:49, Hilali and Khan).

Why does not the Quran explicitly and loudly and unambiguously declare Muhammad's miracles, as it does about the miracles of Jesus?

Jesus

After his death, two discouraged disciples matter—of—factly recount to a seeming stranger (the resurrected Jesus) what they observed to a seeming stranger:

19 About Jesus of Nazareth, they replied: 'He was a prophet powerful in word and deed before God and all the people.' (Luke 24:19)

This one summary verse in Luke represents many that tell of his miracles. A very short list follows:

* Healing lepers (Matthew 8:2—4; Mark 1:40—42; Luke 5:12—13, 17:11—19);

* Healing the blind (Matthew 20:29—34; Mark 8:22—26, 10:46—52; Luke 18:35—43);

* Calming the storm (Matthew 8:23—27; Mark 4:37—41; Luke 8:22—25);

* Walking on water (Matthew 14:25 and Mark 6:48—51);

* Feeding 4,000 and 5,000 (Matthew 14:15—21; Mark 6:35—55, 8:1—9; Luke 9:12—17; John 6:6—13)

These two articles explain Muhammad's inability to work miracles: here and here. They reply to Islamic polemics and cite more verses in the Quran.

Eleven: Bible Prophecy

One is not mentioned or prophesied in the Bible. The other fulfills prophecy.

Muhammad

In a verse in the Quran, two scholars insert some parenthetical comments that are not found in the original Arabic.

7:157 Those who follow the Messenger, the Prophet who can neither read nor write (i.e. Muhammad) whom they find written in the Taurat (Torah) (Deut, xviii 15 [18:15]) and the Injil (Gospel) (John, xiv 16 [14:16]) with them . . . (Hilali and Khan, my insertions in brackets) (cf. Suras 2:129, 159; 3:81, 164; 61:6) 

Though Muhammad's claim that he is found in the Bible is farfetched to begin with, the two translators take it for granted that the Biblical references from Deuteronomy and the Gospel of John mention or prophesy their Prophet. This belief has circulated around the Muslim world for many years and has become 'gospel truth.' Further, Muslim propagandists have searched for clear references to Muhammad in the Torah and the Gospels (and the entire Bible). But have they been successful? Does this belief have any foundation in the Biblical texts?

Researchers have already easily demonstrated that Muhammad does not fit the profile of a Biblical prophet or any other saint mentioned or predicted in the Bible. These articles together consist of a thorough exegesis of Biblical texts, taking them in historical and literary contexts. The absence of any clear reference in the Bible to Muhammad as some sort of future spokesman for God is not surprising. Culturally and chronologically, he was too far removed from the Bible—he was not a Jew. He was also much too inaccurate about the Bible in matters of verifiable, textual facts. Thus, Muhammad is absent from Bible prophecy and all other areas of the Bible.

Jesus

Old Testament prophecy about himself was very important to Jesus.

After he was resurrected bodily, he appeared to many disciples. Two of them were walking down a road that led to a village called Emmaus. They recounted the recent events and their disappointment that Jesus had not redeemed Israel. But they were amazed that several of the disciples said that the tomb was empty and that Jesus had appeared to some of them. It was a surprise when a seeming stranger joined them in their journey. He asked them what they were talking about. They told him about their disappointment that Jesus was not everything that they had hoped for. Then Jesus (the seeming stranger) revealed himself and gave them a Bible lesson.

And beginning with Moses and all the Prophets, [Jesus] explained to them what was said in all the Scriptures concerning himself. (Luke 24:27)

It is quite possible that Jesus discussed at least some of these verses listed in the Table of Messianic Prophecies.  It cites nearly ninety prophecies that follow Jesus from his birth and infancy, to his death, resurrection, and ascension.

Twelve: The Spirit

One restricts and confuses the doctrine of the Spirit. The other freely offers the Spirit as a full Person.

Muhammad

He severely restricts the role and nature of the Spirit. The references to the Islamic spirit in the Quran are far, far fewer than those to the Spirit in the New Testament. In fact, the Quranic references, below, are complete (or nearly so).

The spirit in the Quran has similar functions as those in the Bible, but the Quranic spirit's role is weaker and less defined. This spirit seems to be involved in creation (Suras 15:98; 32:7—9; 38:71—72). He helped Mary conceive Jesus (Suras 19:18—19; 21:91; 66:12). The spirit appeared in the form of a man to Mary (Sura 19:18—19). He strengthened Jesus (Suras 2:87; 2:253; 5:110), and the believers (Sura 58:22). Jesus is called a "spirit from God" (Sura 4:171; cf. 2:253). The spirit inspired and revealed the Quran (Sura 16:102; 17:85; 26:192—193; 97:4). Finally, he is a witness or participates in some way in the Last Day (Suras 70:4; 78:38), warning of impending judgment (Sura 40:15).

Thus, the Quran's view of the Spirit overlaps somewhat with the Bible's (creation, conception of Jesus, and inspiration), but in other ways the Quran is confused and deficient (Jesus is a spirit; the spirit appears as a man; his helping believers is mentioned only once). But none of this confusion and deficiency matters, because traditional Islam erroneously reduces the Spirit to the archangel Gabriel. Why? A fully developed pneumatology (doctrine of the Spirit) wreaks havoc on a strict unitarian doctrine of God.

Jesus

Just before his resurrection and ascension, Jesus promises to send the Spirit to every believer who asks in his name (John 14:15—18; 16:5—15). He fulfills this promise in Acts 2:1—4. The Spirit fills the believers, and the church is formally created.

In an exhaustive concordance in which every word in the Bible is listed, the word "Spirit" or "spirit" of God or the Lord in the Old Testament takes up almost two columns. In the New Testament, the same words take over three columns. This gives us an idea of the importance of the Spirit in the New Testament. This is especially remarkable, since the Old Testament is much, much longer than the New. In the New Covenant, the Holy Spirit, as a full Person, lives in every believer to help him follow God and receive his love. 

This long article  (readers may scroll down to "Who is the Spirit?") argues convincingly that the Spirit cannot be Gabriel without damaging other aspects of Islamic theology. This article replies to Muslim polemics.

Thirteen: Their Roles and Natures

One is only human. The other is both fully human and fully divine.

Muhammad

He is strictly and only a mortal man, Warner, Announcer, Prophet, and Messenger. These are the number of times that the last four titles appear in the Meccan and Medinan suras in the Quran, when the titles apply to Muhammad. The Mecca suras were revealed before his Hijrah or emigration from there to Medina in AD 622. The Medinan ones were received after this date.

Warner: Mecca 58 Medina 7

Announcer: Mecca 22 Medina 13

Prophet: Mecca 2 Medina 33

Messenger: Mecca 20 Medina 167

The most important statistic is the title of Prophet. It is used only two times in Mecca and in late verses (just before immigrated to Medina). Evidently, Allah was reluctant to call him by that title for a long time. The Quran also drops the title of warner, almost out of sight, after Muhammad arrives in Medina. 

But this is the unalterable fact: he is a mortal man like all of us. He is a human warner, a human announcer or bringer of news, a human prophet, and a human messenger. He never claimed divinity for himself.

His mortality is a major reason why he objects so strenuously to the divinity and Sonship of Christ (Suras 3:58—60; 4:171; 5:72—75, 116; 9:30; 19:33—34). If Muhammad is the best and last prophet and messenger, then how can Jesus surpass him, as the eternal Son of God? Muhammad also objects because of his odd belief that God must have physical relations to produce a son, a notion that Christians reject.

This article demonstrates that Muhammad's mortal nature also includes sin. This Appendix lists other others in the Quran who suffer from sin, citing a key word that the Quran uses of Muhammad.

Jesus

Jesus Christ has multiple titles. Some portray him as a human before the crowds: Rabbi, Teacher, and Prophet (Rabbi and Teacher are synonymous in the New Testament). And other titles depict him as divine: the Christ, the Lord, Son of Man, Son of God, the 'I am,' and God incarnate or 'God with us.' Here is the number of times that his major titles appear in the Four Gospels. Some are close approximations.

Rabbi: 17

Teacher: 40

Prophet: 20

Christ: 55

Son of David: 10 (only others besides Jesus use this title about him)

The Lord: 140

Son of Man: 81 (only Jesus uses this about himself)

Son of God: 60

The 'I Am': 20

This is Part One of Two articles, which goes into more detail on Muhammad's roles and mortal nature. Here is Part Two, which talks about the roles and natures of Jesus: He is fully human and fully divine. This Appendix has four Tables that list all of the references to Muhammad's roles as warner, announcer, prophet, and messenger.

Fourteen: Their deaths

One died of sickness aggravated by poison. The other died on the cross for the sins of the world.

Muhammad

Dying in the arms of his girl—bride Aisha, Muhammad asked Allah for forgiveness and mercy for his own soul just before he died, begging his deity to raise him up to the highest companions. He also cursed his enemies. The Prophet of Islam said:

"O Allah! Forgive me, and bestow Your Mercy on me, and let me meet the companions." (Bukhari)

May Allah curse the Jews [and] Christians . . . (Bukhari)

Jesus

He was destined by God to die for the sins of the world. It is unimaginable that Jesus would die from sickness and poison. He healed many with illnesses, in an atmosphere of faith. Further, he forgave his crucifiers. He also prayed for a criminal and promised him that he would be in paradise with him.  Jesus said:

'Father, forgive [the crucifiers], for they do not know what they are doing.' (Luke 23:34)

Jesus answered [the criminal], 'I tell you the truth, today you will be with me in paradise.' (Luke 23:43)

See this article for more differences about their deaths.

Fifteen: Occupied Tomb, Empty Tomb

One still lies in his. The other was resurrected.

Muhammad

His body lies still in his grave. Anyone can claim that his soul will go to heaven, for no one can see a disembodied soul. This fatwa (legal decree) at a Muslim website clarifies a question posed by a Muslim on the death of Muhammad.

The Messenger . . . died and was buried in his grave; hence . . . Abu Bakr . . . said: 'Whoever used to worship Muhammad, Muhammad has died, but whoever used to worship Allah, Allah is alive and will never die.' (Source)

This page has a further link to an image of the Prophet of Islam's tomb, where Muslims may make a pilgrimage.

Jesus

The earliest Christians said Jesus' body was raised to life. The following passage comes from the Gospel of Mark.

1 When the Sabbath was over, Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James, and Salome bought spices so that they might go to anoint Jesus' body. 2 Very early on the first day of the week, just after sunrise, they were on their way to the tomb 3 and they asked each other, "Who will roll the stone away from the entrance of the tomb?"

4 But when they looked up, they saw that the stone, which was very large, had been rolled away. 5 As they entered the tomb, they saw a young man dressed in a white robe sitting on the right side, and they were alarmed.

6 "Don't be alarmed," he said. "You are looking for Jesus the Nazarene, who was crucified. He has risen! He is not here. See the place where they laid him. 7 But go, tell his disciples and Peter, 'He is going ahead of you into Galilee. There you will see him, just as he told you.' "

8 Trembling and bewildered, the women went out and fled from the tomb. They said nothing to anyone, because they were afraid. (Mark 16:1—8)

He has risen. The tomb is empty.

This article by William Lane Craig explains why, from Paul's theology, Christ was raised bodily. His theology agrees with the Four Gospels. This article by Craig affirms the historicity of the empty tomb. It is not a matter of blind faith. Finally, this article by the same scholar narrows the focus on the disciples' inspection of the empty tomb.

Conclusion

Two strategies seem to be at play in aggressive Islam today. The first is to intimidate and terrorize. This is why we see violent protests and explosions. The second is theological and textual—to blur distinctions. 'Come on,' whitewashers seem to say; 'Islam is just like Christianity; in fact, Islam can complete it. Jesus and Muhammad are the same. So what's all the fuss about?'

But this list contradicts the second strategy. The Son of God and the messenger from Mecca are profoundly different.

Clarity and truth are better than wishful thinking and whitewash. We may wish that all religions were the same, but they are not. Some polemicists whitewash their own religion, but this is deceptive at best and dangerous at worst.

If or when Islam gains a foothold in a region, it may impose its harsh laws (see the Supplemental List, below). This would spell disaster for all freedom—loving people, everywhere. The Quran and Islamic law are harsh and restrictive. They impose external holiness and righteousness on everyone, and harshly punish anyone who refuses.

Christianity has been a blessing to the world, especially in the last three hundred years, and particularly in America (and a blessing in the first few centuries—in between yields mixed results). Gradually returning to its New Testament roots, today it offers real freedom and true peace. And in this environment people can grow and live as they want. They can work at their careers in freedom and become prosperous. They can develop new ideas leading to new technology that benefits humanity.

On the other side, many Islamic countries suppress free—speech and dissent. Rarely can anyone criticize the government, and death to anyone who questions the Quran and Islam itself. It is an observable fact that these nations have stagnated economically. Where is a steady progress of technology coming from this part of the world? Too often woman are restricted, and this means half of the world's brain power is locked up. Thus, throughout the past four hundred or more years, Islam has not been a blessing to societies.

Freedom is better than repression.

Jesus and Christianity offer the first, Muhammad and Islam the second.

Supplemental List

Muslim polemicists and propagandists tell us that the Quran is God's final revelation to humanity. Islam improves on Christianity, and their holy book corrects the Bible. These propagandists would like Islam to mediate between Judaism and Christianity. Implementing Islamic law or sharia is God's will. However, the following legal decrees, policies, and practices contradict these mere verbal assertions and mental beliefs. Every one of them comes from the Quran itself, followed by chapter and verse.

1. The hands of male or female thieves should be cut off (5:38).

2. The hands and feet must be cut off for fighting and corrupting the land (5:33).

3. A highway robber may be crucified (5:33).

4. An injured plaintiff may exact legal revenge—physical eye for physical eye, literally (5:45).

5. Anyone who accuses someone else of sexual sins must bring four witnesses; if not, the accuser gets eighty lashes (24:4).

6. Husbands are a degree above their wives in status (2:228); reliable hadiths say the majority of the inhabitants of hell are women only because of their "harshness and ingratitude," not for any numerical majority around the globe.

7. A male gets a double share of the inheritance over that of a female (4:11).

8. A woman's testimony counts half a male testimony because she may "forget" (2:282). Reliable hadiths say this law is based on the "deficiency of a woman's mind."

9. A wife may remarry her ex—husband if and only if she marries another man, they have sex, and then this second man divorces her (2:230).

10 Husbands may hit their wife or wives (4:34).

11. Mature Muslim men may marry and consummate their marriage with prepubescent girls (64:4).

12. Slavery is endorsed: Muhammad himself traded in slaves and owned black slaves; and Muslim men may have sex with slave—girls (47:4; 4:24; 23:5—6; 70—29—30).

13. The Quran endorses the massacre of Jewish men and pubescent boys and the enslavement of the women and children (33:25—27).

This list is all about physical acts and practical policies here on earth, not about abstract doctrines. These policies and legal decrees can be measured and evaluated with our own eyes and sound reason, and how do they come out? Not very well, to say the least.

Further, it may be fairly asked: Did Jesus and his Apostles and the New Testament authors say or do these things? Not even close.

Thus, if the Quran is the last of God's final revelation to humanity, then God must hate us, especially women. Truthfully, humanity can do a lot better than the Quran. We must leave it far behind us in the new millennium.

If the readers suspect that these verses have been taken out of context, they may click on the following articles that in turn have long and several supporting articles behind each item on the list:

Why I don't convert to Islam

Top ten reasons why Islam is not the religion of peace

Top ten reasons why Islamic law is bad for all societies

Top ten rules in the Quran that oppress women

Does the Old Testament command some severe punishments? Yes, but go here to find out why they no longer apply in the New Testament.

Contact James Arlandson

Part One may be read here.

[If readers would like to see multiple translations of the Quran, they should click on this website. This article uses the New International Version (NIV) of the Bible, but multiple translations may be read here.]

Eight:  Marriage

One allowed polygamy and had many wives. The other says one man and one woman is best.

Muhammad

The Quran in Sura 4:3 says:

And if you be apprehensive that you will not be able to do justice to the orphans, you may marry two or three or four women whom you choose. But if you apprehend that you might not be able to do justice to them, then marry only one wife, or marry those who have fallen in your possession. (Sayyid Abul A'La Maududi, The Meaning of the Quran, vol. 1, p. 305)

Maududi paraphrases the verse:

'If you need more than one [wife] but are afraid that you might not be able to do justice to your wives from among the free people, you may turn to slave girls because in that case you will be burdened with less responsibilities' (note 6) (See Sura 4:24).

However, Muhammad would not allow polygamy for his son—in—law Ali, because an extra wife would hurt Muhammad's daughter Fatima, by his first wife Khadija. Fatima was married to Ali.

I heard Allah's Apostle who was on the pulpit, saying, 'Banu Hisham bin Al—Mughira have requested me to allow them to marry their daughter to Ali bin Abu Talib, but I don't give permission, and will not give permission unless 'Ali bin Abi Talib divorces my daughter in order to marry their daughter, because Fatima is a part of my body, and I hate what she hates to see, and what hurts her, hurts me.' (Bukhari)

Thus, Muhammad understands how hurtful polygamy can be for women, but he himself practiced it and allowed it for Muslim men, generally.

Muhammad's 'special' marriage privileges

Moreover, it seems that Allah gave Muhammad special permission to marry as many women as he desired or take them as slaves or concubines, just as in the pre—Islamic days of 'ignorance.'

The Quran in Sura 33:50, a lengthy verse, grants Muhammad wide latitude in his marriages:

O Prophet, We have made lawful to you those of your wives, whose dowers you have paid, and those women who come into your possession out of the slave—girls granted by Allah, and the daughters of your paternal uncles and aunts, and of your maternal uncles and aunts, who have migrated with you, and the believing woman who gives herself to the Prophet, if the Prophet may desire her. This privilege is for you only, not for the other believers . . . . (Maududi vol. 4, p. 111, emphasis added).

This verse says that besides those women whose dower Muhammad paid, he may marry slave—girls—that is, he may have sex with them (see this article). Maududi references three slave—girls taken during raids, and Mary the Copt, a gift from an Egyptian ruler. Muhammad had sex with her, and there does not seem to be a political need for this. Second, Muhammad may marry his first cousins, and Maududi cites a case in which this happened. Third, if a believing woman offers herself to Muhammad, and he desires her, then he may marry her (Maududi vol. 4, note 88).

This hadith says that Muhammad used to visit nine (or eleven) wives in one night.

Anas bin Malik said, "The Prophet used to visit all his wives in a round, during the day and night and they were eleven in number." I asked Anas, "Had the Prophet the strength for it?" Anas replied, "We used to say that the Prophet was given the strength of thirty (men)." And Sa'id said on the authority of Qatada that Anas had told him about nine wives only (not eleven). (Bukhari)

But the capstone of these 'special' marriages occurs when Muhammad also marries the ex—wife (Zainab or Zaynab) of his adopted son (Zaid or Zayd). His son—in—law divorced her with the Prophet standing in the background. In fact, early Islamic sources say that Muhammad catches a glimpse of his daughter—in—law in a state of undress,  so he desired her. Once the divorce is final, Allah reveals to him in Sura 33:36—44 that this marriage between father—in—law and daughter—in—law is legal and moral.

Jesus

He endorses the model in the Garden of Eden.

3 Some Pharisees came to him to test him. They asked, 'Is it lawful for a man to divorce his wife for any and every reason?' 4 'Haven't you read,' he replied, 'that at the beginning the Creator 'made them male and female,' 5 and said, 'For this reason a man will leave his father and mother and be united to his wife, and the two shall will become one flesh'? 6 So they are no longer two, but one. Therefore, what God has joined together, let man not separate.' 7 'Why then,' they asked, 'did Moses command that a man give his wife a certificate of divorce and send her away?' 8 Jesus replied, 'Moses permitted you to divorce your wives because your hearts were hard, but it was not this way from the beginning . . .  (Matthew 19:4—8)

The Old Testament allows polygamy, though it is honest enough to reveal the problems inhering in this ancient custom (e.g. Genesis 16:5 and 1 Samuel 1:6—7). However, God's original intent was to honor women, but polygamy favors men to the exclusion of women. Also, Jesus fulfills and interprets the Old Testament for Christians, and Eden is his choice. Thus, Christianity protects and honors women.

This article offers more detail. At the end, it links to more articles on the marriage and divorce of Zaid, Zainab, and Muhammad.

Nine: Dealing with Sexual Sin

One ordered flogging and execution. The other offers forgiveness and restoration.

Muhammad

This verse, according to reliable traditions, concerns fornication or premarital sex. Note the insertions in brackets and parentheses by the two translators. The Quran in Sura 24:2:

24:2 The fornicatress and the fornicator, flog each of them with a hundred stripes. Let not pity withhold you in their case, in a punishment prescribed by Allah, if you believe in Allah and the Last Day. And let a party of the believers witness their punishment. [This punishment is for unmarried persons guilty of the above crime (illegal sex), but if married persons commit it (illegal sex), the punishment is to stone them to death, according to Allah's law]. (Hilali and Khan; the additions in parentheses and brackets are theirs).

This hadith represents others on Muhammad's policy concerning adultery.

. . . Then the Prophet said, 'Take him away and stone him to death." Jabir bin 'Abdullah said: I was among the ones who participated in stoning him and we stoned him at the Musalla. When the stones troubled him, he fled, but we overtook him at Al—Harra [rocky place near Medina] and stoned him to death. (Bukhari; insertion added)

This gruesome hadith passage reports that a woman was buried up to her chest and stoned to death, her blood spurting:

. . . And when he had given command over her and she was put in a hole up to her breast, he ordered the people to stone her. Khalid b. al—Walid came forward with a stone which he threw at her head, and when the blood spurted on his face he cursed her . . . (Muslim no. 4206)

Jesus

He zeros in on the root cause of adultery. In the famous Sermon on the Mount he says this about adultery and lust:

27 'You have heard that it was said, 'Do not commit adultery.' 28 But I tell you that anyone who looks at a woman lustfully has already committed adultery with her in his heart.' (Matthew 5:27—28)

Immediately, this raises the stakes so high that all corporeal punishment is removed; otherwise, all of humanity would kill each other with legalized stoning. These two verses imply that sexual sin is no longer a civil crime or any kind of crime. As usual with Jesus, he goes to the heart of the sin. Adultery and other sexual sins begin in the mind, so the solution to them must also begin in the mind.

As for prostitutes, Jesus let them into his kingdom on their repentance. While in Jerusalem, the chief priests and elders badgered him with antagonistic questions. Jesus replies.

Jesus said to them, 'I tell you the truth, the tax collectors and the prostitutes are entering the kingdom of God ahead of you.' (Matthew 21:31)

But first prostitutes have to be forgiven of their sins before they enter the kingdom of God. One day Simon, a Pharisee, invited Jesus into his large house for dinner. Suddenly a 'sinful woman' (read: local prostitute) crashed the dinner party and washed Jesus' feet with her tears, wiped them off with her hair, and poured oil on his feet. The Pharisee became indignant and said to himself that if Jesus really were a prophet, he would know who was touching him and not allow it, for she was unclean. Jesus pointed out to him that Simon had not offered him the customs of hospitality, but this sinful woman was doing this. 'Then Jesus said to her, 'Your sins are forgiven.' The other guests began to say among themselves, 'Who is this who even forgives sins?' [This is another New Testament hint of Jesus' divinity.] Jesus said to the woman, 'Your faith has saved you; go in peace'' (Luke 7:48—50).

This true account shows that Jesus did not order prostitutes and other sexual sinners to be hunted down and flogged or burned alive, even though this one was living in Israel, the Holy Land, and even though the Torah says specifically that a prostitute must be burned with fire (Leviticus 21:9). Instead, Jesus looks at the heart and sees a diamond in the rough. He knows that with his love and power, sexual sinners of all sorts can be changed. So the spiritual solution is forgiveness without condemnation. This is a long, long way from Jesus instituting the punishment of stoning sinners, or even their flogging, as Muhammad would like to reinstitute an old—new Quranic law.

This article explains Sura 24:2 more thoroughly, along with adultery. It also cites more hadiths and explores Islamic law, contrasting them with Christ's new era of salvation.

Here is another  more detailed article on Muhammad's punishment of homosexuality, analyzing the Quran, the hadith, and Islamic law. It also explains the Biblical position. Christ offers forgiveness and restoration.

Ten: Miracles

One worked no miracles. The other works many of them, even today.

Muhammad

He can perform no miracles, according to Allah's own account of him in the Quran. However, in the hadith, his admirers have a strong motive to puff up their beloved Prophet with miracle stories. But the Quran contradicts their accounts.

In the following Meccan verse in Sura 17, Muhammad answers the charge that he cannot work miracles. Allah commands his messenger to "say" the following to his critics.

17:93 . . . Say, "Glory to my Lord. Am I anything but a mortal, a messenger?" . . . (Haleem)

In this next Meccan verse, people again question Muhammad about this inability to work miracles.

13:7 The disbelievers say: "Why has no miracle been sent down to him from his Lord?" But you [Muhammad] are only there to give warning . . . (Haleem, my insertion)

It is an ironic fact that the Quran is clearer about Jesus' miracles than it is about Muhammad's (non)miracles:

'And I [Jesus] heal him who was born blind, and the leper, and I bring to life by Allah's leave [permission]'(Sura 3:49, Hilali and Khan).

Why does not the Quran explicitly and loudly and unambiguously declare Muhammad's miracles, as it does about the miracles of Jesus?

Jesus

After his death, two discouraged disciples matter—of—factly recount to a seeming stranger (the resurrected Jesus) what they observed to a seeming stranger:

19 About Jesus of Nazareth, they replied: 'He was a prophet powerful in word and deed before God and all the people.' (Luke 24:19)

This one summary verse in Luke represents many that tell of his miracles. A very short list follows:

* Healing lepers (Matthew 8:2—4; Mark 1:40—42; Luke 5:12—13, 17:11—19);

* Healing the blind (Matthew 20:29—34; Mark 8:22—26, 10:46—52; Luke 18:35—43);

* Calming the storm (Matthew 8:23—27; Mark 4:37—41; Luke 8:22—25);

* Walking on water (Matthew 14:25 and Mark 6:48—51);

* Feeding 4,000 and 5,000 (Matthew 14:15—21; Mark 6:35—55, 8:1—9; Luke 9:12—17; John 6:6—13)

These two articles explain Muhammad's inability to work miracles: here and here. They reply to Islamic polemics and cite more verses in the Quran.

Eleven: Bible Prophecy

One is not mentioned or prophesied in the Bible. The other fulfills prophecy.

Muhammad

In a verse in the Quran, two scholars insert some parenthetical comments that are not found in the original Arabic.

7:157 Those who follow the Messenger, the Prophet who can neither read nor write (i.e. Muhammad) whom they find written in the Taurat (Torah) (Deut, xviii 15 [18:15]) and the Injil (Gospel) (John, xiv 16 [14:16]) with them . . . (Hilali and Khan, my insertions in brackets) (cf. Suras 2:129, 159; 3:81, 164; 61:6) 

Though Muhammad's claim that he is found in the Bible is farfetched to begin with, the two translators take it for granted that the Biblical references from Deuteronomy and the Gospel of John mention or prophesy their Prophet. This belief has circulated around the Muslim world for many years and has become 'gospel truth.' Further, Muslim propagandists have searched for clear references to Muhammad in the Torah and the Gospels (and the entire Bible). But have they been successful? Does this belief have any foundation in the Biblical texts?

Researchers have already easily demonstrated that Muhammad does not fit the profile of a Biblical prophet or any other saint mentioned or predicted in the Bible. These articles together consist of a thorough exegesis of Biblical texts, taking them in historical and literary contexts. The absence of any clear reference in the Bible to Muhammad as some sort of future spokesman for God is not surprising. Culturally and chronologically, he was too far removed from the Bible—he was not a Jew. He was also much too inaccurate about the Bible in matters of verifiable, textual facts. Thus, Muhammad is absent from Bible prophecy and all other areas of the Bible.

Jesus

Old Testament prophecy about himself was very important to Jesus.

After he was resurrected bodily, he appeared to many disciples. Two of them were walking down a road that led to a village called Emmaus. They recounted the recent events and their disappointment that Jesus had not redeemed Israel. But they were amazed that several of the disciples said that the tomb was empty and that Jesus had appeared to some of them. It was a surprise when a seeming stranger joined them in their journey. He asked them what they were talking about. They told him about their disappointment that Jesus was not everything that they had hoped for. Then Jesus (the seeming stranger) revealed himself and gave them a Bible lesson.

And beginning with Moses and all the Prophets, [Jesus] explained to them what was said in all the Scriptures concerning himself. (Luke 24:27)

It is quite possible that Jesus discussed at least some of these verses listed in the Table of Messianic Prophecies.  It cites nearly ninety prophecies that follow Jesus from his birth and infancy, to his death, resurrection, and ascension.

Twelve: The Spirit

One restricts and confuses the doctrine of the Spirit. The other freely offers the Spirit as a full Person.

Muhammad

He severely restricts the role and nature of the Spirit. The references to the Islamic spirit in the Quran are far, far fewer than those to the Spirit in the New Testament. In fact, the Quranic references, below, are complete (or nearly so).

The spirit in the Quran has similar functions as those in the Bible, but the Quranic spirit's role is weaker and less defined. This spirit seems to be involved in creation (Suras 15:98; 32:7—9; 38:71—72). He helped Mary conceive Jesus (Suras 19:18—19; 21:91; 66:12). The spirit appeared in the form of a man to Mary (Sura 19:18—19). He strengthened Jesus (Suras 2:87; 2:253; 5:110), and the believers (Sura 58:22). Jesus is called a "spirit from God" (Sura 4:171; cf. 2:253). The spirit inspired and revealed the Quran (Sura 16:102; 17:85; 26:192—193; 97:4). Finally, he is a witness or participates in some way in the Last Day (Suras 70:4; 78:38), warning of impending judgment (Sura 40:15).

Thus, the Quran's view of the Spirit overlaps somewhat with the Bible's (creation, conception of Jesus, and inspiration), but in other ways the Quran is confused and deficient (Jesus is a spirit; the spirit appears as a man; his helping believers is mentioned only once). But none of this confusion and deficiency matters, because traditional Islam erroneously reduces the Spirit to the archangel Gabriel. Why? A fully developed pneumatology (doctrine of the Spirit) wreaks havoc on a strict unitarian doctrine of God.

Jesus

Just before his resurrection and ascension, Jesus promises to send the Spirit to every believer who asks in his name (John 14:15—18; 16:5—15). He fulfills this promise in Acts 2:1—4. The Spirit fills the believers, and the church is formally created.

In an exhaustive concordance in which every word in the Bible is listed, the word "Spirit" or "spirit" of God or the Lord in the Old Testament takes up almost two columns. In the New Testament, the same words take over three columns. This gives us an idea of the importance of the Spirit in the New Testament. This is especially remarkable, since the Old Testament is much, much longer than the New. In the New Covenant, the Holy Spirit, as a full Person, lives in every believer to help him follow God and receive his love. 

This long article  (readers may scroll down to "Who is the Spirit?") argues convincingly that the Spirit cannot be Gabriel without damaging other aspects of Islamic theology. This article replies to Muslim polemics.

Thirteen: Their Roles and Natures

One is only human. The other is both fully human and fully divine.

Muhammad

He is strictly and only a mortal man, Warner, Announcer, Prophet, and Messenger. These are the number of times that the last four titles appear in the Meccan and Medinan suras in the Quran, when the titles apply to Muhammad. The Mecca suras were revealed before his Hijrah or emigration from there to Medina in AD 622. The Medinan ones were received after this date.

Warner: Mecca 58 Medina 7

Announcer: Mecca 22 Medina 13

Prophet: Mecca 2 Medina 33

Messenger: Mecca 20 Medina 167

The most important statistic is the title of Prophet. It is used only two times in Mecca and in late verses (just before immigrated to Medina). Evidently, Allah was reluctant to call him by that title for a long time. The Quran also drops the title of warner, almost out of sight, after Muhammad arrives in Medina. 

But this is the unalterable fact: he is a mortal man like all of us. He is a human warner, a human announcer or bringer of news, a human prophet, and a human messenger. He never claimed divinity for himself.

His mortality is a major reason why he objects so strenuously to the divinity and Sonship of Christ (Suras 3:58—60; 4:171; 5:72—75, 116; 9:30; 19:33—34). If Muhammad is the best and last prophet and messenger, then how can Jesus surpass him, as the eternal Son of God? Muhammad also objects because of his odd belief that God must have physical relations to produce a son, a notion that Christians reject.

This article demonstrates that Muhammad's mortal nature also includes sin. This Appendix lists other others in the Quran who suffer from sin, citing a key word that the Quran uses of Muhammad.

Jesus

Jesus Christ has multiple titles. Some portray him as a human before the crowds: Rabbi, Teacher, and Prophet (Rabbi and Teacher are synonymous in the New Testament). And other titles depict him as divine: the Christ, the Lord, Son of Man, Son of God, the 'I am,' and God incarnate or 'God with us.' Here is the number of times that his major titles appear in the Four Gospels. Some are close approximations.

Rabbi: 17

Teacher: 40

Prophet: 20

Christ: 55

Son of David: 10 (only others besides Jesus use this title about him)

The Lord: 140

Son of Man: 81 (only Jesus uses this about himself)

Son of God: 60

The 'I Am': 20

This is Part One of Two articles, which goes into more detail on Muhammad's roles and mortal nature. Here is Part Two, which talks about the roles and natures of Jesus: He is fully human and fully divine. This Appendix has four Tables that list all of the references to Muhammad's roles as warner, announcer, prophet, and messenger.

Fourteen: Their deaths

One died of sickness aggravated by poison. The other died on the cross for the sins of the world.

Muhammad

Dying in the arms of his girl—bride Aisha, Muhammad asked Allah for forgiveness and mercy for his own soul just before he died, begging his deity to raise him up to the highest companions. He also cursed his enemies. The Prophet of Islam said:

"O Allah! Forgive me, and bestow Your Mercy on me, and let me meet the companions." (Bukhari)

May Allah curse the Jews [and] Christians . . . (Bukhari)

Jesus

He was destined by God to die for the sins of the world. It is unimaginable that Jesus would die from sickness and poison. He healed many with illnesses, in an atmosphere of faith. Further, he forgave his crucifiers. He also prayed for a criminal and promised him that he would be in paradise with him.  Jesus said:

'Father, forgive [the crucifiers], for they do not know what they are doing.' (Luke 23:34)

Jesus answered [the criminal], 'I tell you the truth, today you will be with me in paradise.' (Luke 23:43)

See this article for more differences about their deaths.

Fifteen: Occupied Tomb, Empty Tomb

One still lies in his. The other was resurrected.

Muhammad

His body lies still in his grave. Anyone can claim that his soul will go to heaven, for no one can see a disembodied soul. This fatwa (legal decree) at a Muslim website clarifies a question posed by a Muslim on the death of Muhammad.

The Messenger . . . died and was buried in his grave; hence . . . Abu Bakr . . . said: 'Whoever used to worship Muhammad, Muhammad has died, but whoever used to worship Allah, Allah is alive and will never die.' (Source)

This page has a further link to an image of the Prophet of Islam's tomb, where Muslims may make a pilgrimage.

Jesus

The earliest Christians said Jesus' body was raised to life. The following passage comes from the Gospel of Mark.

1 When the Sabbath was over, Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James, and Salome bought spices so that they might go to anoint Jesus' body. 2 Very early on the first day of the week, just after sunrise, they were on their way to the tomb 3 and they asked each other, "Who will roll the stone away from the entrance of the tomb?"

4 But when they looked up, they saw that the stone, which was very large, had been rolled away. 5 As they entered the tomb, they saw a young man dressed in a white robe sitting on the right side, and they were alarmed.

6 "Don't be alarmed," he said. "You are looking for Jesus the Nazarene, who was crucified. He has risen! He is not here. See the place where they laid him. 7 But go, tell his disciples and Peter, 'He is going ahead of you into Galilee. There you will see him, just as he told you.' "

8 Trembling and bewildered, the women went out and fled from the tomb. They said nothing to anyone, because they were afraid. (Mark 16:1—8)

He has risen. The tomb is empty.

This article by William Lane Craig explains why, from Paul's theology, Christ was raised bodily. His theology agrees with the Four Gospels. This article by Craig affirms the historicity of the empty tomb. It is not a matter of blind faith. Finally, this article by the same scholar narrows the focus on the disciples' inspection of the empty tomb.

Conclusion

Two strategies seem to be at play in aggressive Islam today. The first is to intimidate and terrorize. This is why we see violent protests and explosions. The second is theological and textual—to blur distinctions. 'Come on,' whitewashers seem to say; 'Islam is just like Christianity; in fact, Islam can complete it. Jesus and Muhammad are the same. So what's all the fuss about?'

But this list contradicts the second strategy. The Son of God and the messenger from Mecca are profoundly different.

Clarity and truth are better than wishful thinking and whitewash. We may wish that all religions were the same, but they are not. Some polemicists whitewash their own religion, but this is deceptive at best and dangerous at worst.

If or when Islam gains a foothold in a region, it may impose its harsh laws (see the Supplemental List, below). This would spell disaster for all freedom—loving people, everywhere. The Quran and Islamic law are harsh and restrictive. They impose external holiness and righteousness on everyone, and harshly punish anyone who refuses.

Christianity has been a blessing to the world, especially in the last three hundred years, and particularly in America (and a blessing in the first few centuries—in between yields mixed results). Gradually returning to its New Testament roots, today it offers real freedom and true peace. And in this environment people can grow and live as they want. They can work at their careers in freedom and become prosperous. They can develop new ideas leading to new technology that benefits humanity.

On the other side, many Islamic countries suppress free—speech and dissent. Rarely can anyone criticize the government, and death to anyone who questions the Quran and Islam itself. It is an observable fact that these nations have stagnated economically. Where is a steady progress of technology coming from this part of the world? Too often woman are restricted, and this means half of the world's brain power is locked up. Thus, throughout the past four hundred or more years, Islam has not been a blessing to societies.

Freedom is better than repression.

Jesus and Christianity offer the first, Muhammad and Islam the second.

Supplemental List

Muslim polemicists and propagandists tell us that the Quran is God's final revelation to humanity. Islam improves on Christianity, and their holy book corrects the Bible. These propagandists would like Islam to mediate between Judaism and Christianity. Implementing Islamic law or sharia is God's will. However, the following legal decrees, policies, and practices contradict these mere verbal assertions and mental beliefs. Every one of them comes from the Quran itself, followed by chapter and verse.

1. The hands of male or female thieves should be cut off (5:38).

2. The hands and feet must be cut off for fighting and corrupting the land (5:33).

3. A highway robber may be crucified (5:33).

4. An injured plaintiff may exact legal revenge—physical eye for physical eye, literally (5:45).

5. Anyone who accuses someone else of sexual sins must bring four witnesses; if not, the accuser gets eighty lashes (24:4).

6. Husbands are a degree above their wives in status (2:228); reliable hadiths say the majority of the inhabitants of hell are women only because of their "harshness and ingratitude," not for any numerical majority around the globe.

7. A male gets a double share of the inheritance over that of a female (4:11).

8. A woman's testimony counts half a male testimony because she may "forget" (2:282). Reliable hadiths say this law is based on the "deficiency of a woman's mind."

9. A wife may remarry her ex—husband if and only if she marries another man, they have sex, and then this second man divorces her (2:230).

10 Husbands may hit their wife or wives (4:34).

11. Mature Muslim men may marry and consummate their marriage with prepubescent girls (64:4).

12. Slavery is endorsed: Muhammad himself traded in slaves and owned black slaves; and Muslim men may have sex with slave—girls (47:4; 4:24; 23:5—6; 70—29—30).

13. The Quran endorses the massacre of Jewish men and pubescent boys and the enslavement of the women and children (33:25—27).

This list is all about physical acts and practical policies here on earth, not about abstract doctrines. These policies and legal decrees can be measured and evaluated with our own eyes and sound reason, and how do they come out? Not very well, to say the least.

Further, it may be fairly asked: Did Jesus and his Apostles and the New Testament authors say or do these things? Not even close.

Thus, if the Quran is the last of God's final revelation to humanity, then God must hate us, especially women. Truthfully, humanity can do a lot better than the Quran. We must leave it far behind us in the new millennium.

If the readers suspect that these verses have been taken out of context, they may click on the following articles that in turn have long and several supporting articles behind each item on the list:

Why I don't convert to Islam

Top ten reasons why Islam is not the religion of peace

Top ten reasons why Islamic law is bad for all societies

Top ten rules in the Quran that oppress women

Does the Old Testament command some severe punishments? Yes, but go here to find out why they no longer apply in the New Testament.

Contact James Arlandson